Did you know that cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, is the number one killer in Hawai’i? Heart disease is responsible for 24% of all deaths in Hawai’i, with 2,521 unique victims in the year 2013. According to the American Heart Association, in 2013, Hawaii had the 49th highest death rate from cardiovascular disease in the country.
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If any of the following apply to you, you may be at risk of heart disease.
- Adults who are current smokers
- Adults with high blood pressure
- Adults with high LDL cholesterol levels
- Adults who participate in 150+min of aerobic physical activity per week
- Adults and high school students who are overweight or obese
- Adults who have suffered from a heart attack
- Adults who have suffered from a stroke
- Adults who have been told that they have angina or coronary heart disease
Heart disease encompasses several heart conditions such as coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, heart attack, or stroke.
Heart disease is often caused by conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels, either by plaque or layers of fat.
- Healthy Diet
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Avoid processed foods
- Eat food low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol
- Eat food with a high amount of fiber
- Limit salt and sugar intake
- Maintain a Healthy Weight
- Calculate your body mass index (BMI)
- Check your BMI here
- Physical Activity
- 2.5 hours of moderate intensity exercise such as bicycling or walking every week
- Children and adolescents should get 1 hour of physical activity every day
- Recreational Activities
- Avoid/quit smoking
- Avoid drinking alcohol